GENERAL INFORMATION

Languages
• Spanish: 80.3%
• Quechua: 16.2%
• Other languages: 3.0%
• Foreign languages: 0.2%
Although Spanish is the predominant language, Quechua is very important since the Inca Empire. Aymara is also spoken in Puno, as well as a variety of dialects in the jungle.

Money
The Nuevo Sol (S /.) Has been used since 1991. It is divided into 100 cents. The current exchange rate is USD1.00 = S / .3.15 or € 1.00 = S / .3.54. Most formal establishments (such as restaurants, hotels, shops) accept credit cards. There are numerous “Exchange Houses” where “Travel Checks” can be charged. There are ATMs, although it is useful to arrive with US dollars.

Hour
Matches to GMT -5.

government
Peru is a Democratic Republic. The President and members of Congress are elected every five years. The current President of Peru is Ollanta Humala Tasso (2011-2016).

Beliefs
The religion of Peru is an inheritance of the Spanish conquest, for this reason, it is a predominantly Catholic country. Expressions of native religions such as the worship of the sun, the Pachamama (mother earth), among others, have been present since the 16th century. Rituals and festivals that express both: Catholicism and the mystical religions of ancient prehispanic cultures are celebrated throughout the year in different cities, such as the Inti Raymi (Feast of the Sun) in Cusco.
• Catholic: 89.03%
• Evangelical: 6.73%
• Other religions: 2.56%
• No religion: 1.65%

Communications
In Peru we have the “Internet Banking”, which provides internet access for certain periods of time (from 15 minutes) to a low cost. The average connection cost for an hour is around S / .3.50 (US $ 1). Cabins can also make domestic and international calls at a reasonable cost. Peru also has a telephone network that provides national and international long distance services.

Phone
Peru has a long-range telephone network that provides services for national and international long-distance calls, both for private telephones and public booths.

Temperature:
Coast: Very humid climate. Temperatures range from 12 ° C to 30 ° C in summer. Winter is from April to October and summer from November to March. The north coast is always sunny and has warm temperatures all year round.

Andes: Two seasons: the dry season (from April to October), with sunny days, cold nights and lack of rain; And the rainy season (November to March), when there are frequent rain showers (about 1000 mm). Temperatures change a lot between day and night. At noon it could be around 24 ° C and lower to-3 ° C at night.

Jungle: Humidity all year round. The climate is divided into two distinct areas: the cloud forest (subtropical climate, with rain showers between November and March and sunny days from April to October); And lowland jungle (where the dry season runs from April to October and is ideal for tourism, with sunny and very pleasant temperatures of 35 ° C).

Natural characteristics
Peru is divided into three regions:

Coast: Deserts, beautiful beaches and fertile valley.

Andes: It has the most impressive mountain landscapes and different lifestyles can be seen in this part of the country. Cusco and all surrounding areas, including the magnificent Inca citadel of Machu Picchu are found in the Andes. The Mount Huascarán 6,768 meters is also very impressive.

Jungle: Tropical vegetation, wild animals and spectacular natural panoramas can be seen here. Walks, boating and fascinating bird watching are some of the activities offered by the jungle.

National holidays
New Year: January 1st.
Easter: Holy Thursday and Holy Friday (dates vary).
Labor Day: May 1st.
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul: June 29.
National holidays: 28 and 29 July.
Santa Rosa de Lima: August 30.
Battle of Angamos: October 8
All Saints Day: November 1
Immaculate Conception: December 8
Christmas: December 25th
Heritage
Peru is a unique place. Staying in the citadel of Machu Picchu is an unforgettable experience. This Inca fortress has been internationally voted as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World and is a World Heritage Monument since 1983. But Machu Picchu is not the only place in Peru that has been recognized as exceptional. Below is a list of places considered world heritage by different entities. Discover them:

1. City of Cuzco: 1983.
2. Machu Picchu: 1983.
3. Fortress of Chavín de Huantar: 1985.
4. The Huascarán National Park: 1985.
5. Chan Chan Citadel: 1986.
6. Manu National Park 1987.
7. Historical Center of Lima: 1991.
8. Abiseo River National Park: 1990.
9. The Nazca Lines and the Pampas de Juma: 1994.
10. Historic Center of Arequipa: 2000.
11. Caral: 2009.

MAIN CITIES

LIMA
Lima, the capital and largest city of Peru, was founded by the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro in 1535, as the City of Kings, or “the city of Kings.” It is located on a deserted coast in front of the Pacific Ocean. With a population of 9 million, Lima has become a bustling metropolis with a mix of colonial mansions and modern buildings, beautiful parks and bohemian bars. The historical center of Lima was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988 due to the great number of historical buildings that date back to the Spanish colonial period, such as the monumental Plaza Mayor, the Cathedral, the Presidential Palace and the Catacombs of the Convent of Lima. San Francisco. San Isidro is the elegant residential area where most of the embassies have their offices. Miraflores, mainly a commercial area, is the district where most of the hotels and restaurants are located. Lima is known as the Gastronomic Capital of the Americas with Creole food, Chifas (Chinese food), Cebicherias (seafood) and Pollerias (grilled chicken). The climate is temperate and comfortable. Temperatures rarely drop below 12 ° C (54 ° F) or rise above 29 ° C (84 ° F) throughout the year.

AREQUIPA
Arequipa is a colonial city founded at the foot of three volcanoes (Misti, Chachani and Picchu Picchu) at an altitude of 2,335 meters (7,661 feet) above sea level. This beautiful city is built almost entirely of ashlar, a kind of white volcanic stone. That is why Arequipa is called the white city. Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru, is known throughout the country and around the world for its traditional “Picanterías”, where the meals are tasty and substantial, with traditional flavors fresh, cooked in willow wood. The climate is warm and dry all year round. With temperatures rarely below 20 ° C (68 ° F), however, at night, temperatures can drop sharply, especially in June, July and August, when they can drop below 10 ° C (50 ° F) and Times to 5 ° C (41 ° F).

CUSCO
Capital of the Inca Empire and a very important city during the colonial period, Cusco has a mixed architecture: mansions and monuments with Inca walls and colonial balconies. At 3400 m. (11100 feet), Cusco is a city that invites visitors to walk the narrow streets with houses with red tiles and plenty of art craft shops. Located 70 minutes by plane from Lima or 7/9 hours by car or train from Puno, Cusco is the gateway to visit the legendary Machu Picchu or do several other excursions: classic tours, adventure tourism, specialized or experiential.

Macchu Picchu
Considered one of the new wonders of the world, it offers visitors a unique experience. The Inca citadel of 2400 m. (7800 feet). Is located at the top of a mountain and is only reached by train to Aguas Calientes and then by bus, or on foot making the Inca trail. Full day tours are offered daily with the possibility of spending one night in one of the hotels in the area.

FIST
On the shores of Lake Titicaca at 3800 m. (12400 feet), the legend says that Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo arose from its waters to found the Inca Empire. The majesty of the lake and the mixture of races: Quechua, Aymara and Spanish, makes the area a truly mystical place. Puno has been named the “Folkloric Capital of Peru” due to the richness of its artistic and cultural expressions, especially dance. They are most notable during the celebrations of the “Virgen de la Candelaria” festival and the Regional Competition for indigenous dances.
THE BEST OF PERU

One of the most fascinating characteristics of Peru is that you can find different places, cultures and different activities to perform in a single country. The variety is huge. Here some places and activities not to be missed:

Machu Picchu: It is one of the greatest wonders of mankind. It is on the UNESCO World Heritage list and has been voted as one of the seven wonders of the world. It is also the only intact Inca city in the world, because the conquistadors never found it and remained unharmed. The views are spectacular and the history behind the construction and the way they lived, is amazing. This visit is special in many ways. The entrance to Machu Picchu can be made by two entrances: Intipunku or Puerta del Sol (only those who take the trek to Machu Picchu have the possibility of passing through this unique gate. The view is very beautiful in the morning when it leaves The sun) and the main entrance (this is where most travelers go through when entering Machu Picchu. If arrival is through Aguas Calientes, this will be the entrance).

Lake Titicaca: This impressive lake, between Peru and Bolivia, is 3,812 meters (12,500 feet) high and covers an area of ​​8,372 km². There are more than 40 islands on it, some of which are not natural, but artificial floating islands. Some of the main attractions of the lake are: the floating islands of the Uros (about 42 artificial islands, built of floating reeds, that is totora reeds, which is a plant that lives in the shallow parts of Lake Titicaca), Amantani (A natural island with a surface area of ​​15 km²), Alpacas and other animals can be seen walking around the island.The locals are famous for their textiles, ceramics and houses of adobe) and Taquile (a mountainous island in the lake, which was used as Jail during the Spanish colonial period and then later until the beginning of the 20th century.The current population of the island of Taquile is around 3,000.Features include agricultural terraces, beautiful views towards mainland coasts and nearby islands).

Beaches: All can be reached by the Pan-American highway, from Tumbes (north) to Tacna (south). Máncora (Piura), one of the emblematic beaches in the north is known for the excellent waves it has, its surfers and its spectacular sunsets. Near Lima, (97.5 km. To the south) you can also find the residential beaches that are grouped with the name of Asia. Here you can not only find private and luxury beaches, but also an exclusive shopping center with all kinds of entertainment during the day and night. Gourmet restaurants, nightclubs, markets, varied activities, cinemas, hairdressers and gyms are some of the places you will find. All this can be visited in summer season (mid December to April).

Birds: Peru is a true bird paradise, with more than 1,800 species, being 120 endemic to Peru. It is the second highest number of any country in the world. The national bird of Peru is the Cock of the Rocks.
Discover our bird watching routes: North (endemic species), center and south.

Flora and Fauna: Peru has one of the largest biodiversity of flora and fauna in the world due to the presence of the Andes, Amazon and the Pacific Ocean. Species such as the Condor, the snake and the puma were worshiped by the ancient inhabitants. They represent their beliefs in their ceramics, textiles, sculptures, monuments and paintings. Peru also has an equally diverse amount of plants. The coast of Peru is normally barren apart from some cacti growing there. On the slopes of the Andes there are steep cloud forests that can house moss, orchids and bromeliads. The Orchidaceous family is very important in Peru, with about 3,000 species, most of which grows in the rainforest.

TOURIST INFORMATION

Visa
Valid passport. Visas are necessary for citizens of certain countries. Consult with the respective embassy.

accommodation
Peru offers 7,646 accommodations: 131,624 rooms and 229,886 beds. It is distributed in: 26 Five-star hotels, 26 Four-star hotels, 487 Three-star hotels.
927 two-star hotels, 411 one-star hotels and inns of 42..

Airports
14 airports equipped to receive commercial flights and 10 ready for international flights: Lima, Arequipa, Chiclayo, Pisco, Pucallpa, Iquitos, Cusco, Trujillo, Tacna and Juliaca.

Ports
Peru’s largest port is Callao, near Lima. Other main ports are Paita, Salaverry, Chimbote and Matarani.

GASTRONOMÍA

La cocina peruana hoy en día es considerada como uno de los platos más grandes del mundo. Su variedad e influencia de otras culturas (español, italiano, chino, japonés, árabe) hacen que nuestras comidas sean realmente especiales. Lima, nuestra capital, es considerada como “La Capital Gastronómica de las Américas”. Los famosos platos que distinguen a Lima son:

el Cebiche (pescado y mariscos marinados en jugo de cítricos, servido con maíz y ¨camote¨, especie de patata dulce)
Lomo saltado (carne frita y salteada con tomate y cebolla)
Arroz con Pollo (pollo combinado con arroz especialmente sazonado)
Chupe de pescado (sopa de pescado con ingredientes especiales como arroz, papa, alverjas especialmente sazonado)
Papa rellena (masa de papa, rellena de huevos, carne, aceitunas y especias variadas) y
Escabeche criollo (pescado encurtido o puede ser pato o pollo, combinado con cebolla y vinagre, junto con otras especias y picante).
Las bebidas populares son:

Chicha Morada (hecho de maiz morado, trozos de piña y azúcar)
Inca Kola (la marca de una bebida gaseosa famosa)
Pisco (espíritu de uvas y considerado como la bebida nacional del Perú) y
Chicha o Chicha de Jora (basado en diferentes tipos de maíz fermentado y hierbas aromáticas).
Algunos de los postres son:

los Alfajores (harina combinada, margarina, corteza de limón y azúcar glasé horneadas al horno, comúnmente rellenas con manjar blanco)
Turrones (hecho de almendras)
Tejas (dulces hechos con chocolate y Natilla) y
Helados (común mezcla de sabores de helado, pero otros utilizan sabores exóticos como el guaraná, lúcuma y camu camu).

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